Awram and Free (1987a) noted that when the open mandibles were held either side of the leaf edge along which a male was progressing, the brush of hairs along the posterior edge of each mandible contacted the substrate and so may be especially important in pheromone transfer.
Usually at each site, it is possible to identify one or more objects or parts of objects which are visually conspicuous and visited by route ﬂying males. However, when a site is being scented such a focal point of visitation receives no more attention than much of the less conspicuous background against which it is located (Awram and Free 19872). For example the focal points for visits of B. hortorum males were usually bare ground between tree roots and irregularities at the base of tree trunks yet they scented leaves of plants near the bases of trees, and the leaves and bark of trees up to 3 m above ground. The focal points of visitation for B. lucorum and B. terrestris were conspicuous parts of trees, usually the stems of the branches, but they applied scent to the margins of leaves and to twigs which were often up to 2 m from the focal points. Learn more about pheromones at EzineArticles.com.
Haas (1946, 1949a) reported that males scent marked objects located in an increasing spiral away from the site visited and in the direction of the next site. Although it is agreed that scent deposition more or less surrounds the focal point, the presence of actual scent spirals has not been conﬁrmed by other workers (Svensson and Bergstrom, 1979; Awram and Free, 1987a). Indeed it is difﬁcult to envisage how a spiral pattern could be maintained in turbulent wind conditions and most sites appear to be physically unsuitable for tracing a complex pattern. Furthermore, males ﬂy in different directions when leaving a site so such a pattern would be superﬂuous as an indication of ﬂight route.
Chemical composition of site marking pheromone
The compositions of the pheromone used by males for site marking have been studied intensively, and components of the pheromone from no less than 33 species of Bombus and 8 species of Psithyrus have now been identiﬁed (e.g. Stein, 1963; Bergstrom et al., 1968; Calam, 1969, Kullenberg et al., 1970; Svensson and Bergstrom, 1977 and 1979; Bergstrom et al., 1981, Cederberg et al., 1983). Find out do pheromones work at http://pheromones-4u.com.
The pheromones consist of mixtures of fatty acid derivatives and/or isoprenoid components (terpenes). The blend of components present is species speciﬁc and each species usually has one very dominant component, sometimes one or a few major ones, and usually several minor ones (Tables 16.1 and 16.2).
Species belonging to the same sub-species tend to show greater chemical similarity than less closely related species. Indeed the distinction between pheromones of taxonomically allied species (e.g. B. lucorum and B. magnus; B. alpinus and B. polaris) sometimes appear to be based mostly on the different proportions present of the same components. The two different forms of B. lucorum differ in the proportions of dominant components; the main component of the dark form is ethyl dodecanoate and of the light form is ethyl tetradecenoate although each species produces both components (Bergstrom et al., 1973). However, in contrast the marking pheromones of morphologically allied species may sometimes have a largely dissimilar chemical composition; indeed, the chemical composition has even helped to clarify the taxonomic status of the different species (Bergstrom, 1981). Check out pheromones for men at Pheromones-Experts.com.
Despite the wealth of chemical knowledge that has been made available, comparatively few ethological studies of their functions have been made, and in no case is the exact use of all the different components in a secretion known. Some components may be releases of behaviour and others may merely decrease the volatility of the releaser substances.
Want to add some spice to your married life? Want to be hot with girls? If you are, then try pheromone colognes for men.
The best pheromones in the colognes help add spice to your wedded life, make your girlfriend finally oblige to settle down with you and even have you dancing with the most attractive girls within 20 minutes of your entering any club or crowded place.
While women respond to pheromones or andro-hormones which are testosterone derivatives like Androstadienone, Androstenol and Androstenone, men respond to estrogen derived pheromones like estratetraeol and copulins. Learn about 2017 Pheromones For Men | https://www.facebook.com
The Best Pheromones Boost Confidence
Men using pheromones experience many advantages and changes in life. They have an added edge at attracting women who start giving lingering stares, more smiles and playful touches.
Men find marked improvement and changes in their interaction with women at office, stores and even at home. Men also find it much more comfortable and easier to interact with women. In fact, pheromones also increase the chances of their passing an interview and getting a job.
Why Pherazone is The Best Pheromone
Reading all this, you naturally want to try out your luck with girls or the girl of your life using pheromone. Of the many pheromone colognes available in the market, Pherazone is #1 rated as its composition offers the highest concentration of pheromones. Learn why human pheromone attraction is real.
The lab-certified pheromones of Pherazone are optimized with the best fragrances in the world to create a very effective cologne. Unlike the many inferior types and brands, Pherazone offers great smell for its value! In fact, the blend has been tried on both men and women with great results.
Just apply it on exposed skin areas like wrists, chest, forearms or back of neck and it evaporates through the day into the air. While it takes only one application per day to cast its spell, it’s better to use the lotion sparingly at first to gauge its effectiveness. Pherazone doesn’t stain clothing and doesn’t have to be re-applied after a shower.
Pherazone comes with a 30-day money back guarantee where if you are unhappy with the results, you can call and ask for a refund. However this is very unlikely as practically everyone who has used Pherazone successfully attract the opposite sex, have more dates and improved self-confidence at work and amidst colleagues, and have more foreplay and intercourse. Learn about why use best pheromones.
The many positive customer testimonials at its website prove the worthiness, effectiveness and reason to invest in Pherazone for improved self-confidence and attraction to the opposite sex.
Well, think about this. Do men find it more attractive to have a woman who “understands” men, or a woman who doesn’t get men? I think the answer is obvious. Men prefer women who “understand” men, and be understanding rather than judgmental. The difference, for a man, in being together with a woman who doesn’t understand men and being with a woman who DOES is ten-fold. There IS no comparison, in fact. If you are a woman who understands men, then he can much more easily feel that freedom that every man strives for every second of the day in everything he does. A woman who understands men also adds far more value to a man’s life than a woman’s who doesn’t. Learn more about pheromones at Anatomist.info.
How Pheromones Really Work
The human body has a 6th sense in the form of an organ of two small pits placed just a few centimeters inside the nasal cavity. This is the ‘vomeronasal organ’ or VNO which only detects the presence of airborne pheromones. It then sends electrical impulses to the brain’s limbic region or ‘seat of emotion’ through specialized pathways called ‘Nerve O’ to control your emotions and sexual desires.
Once the limbic region is stimulated by pheromones, it sends signals to the hypothalamus which connects the emotions to the endocrine system to release mood and libido controlling hormones. This release activates the sex response systems to prepare the body and mood for love, sex and mating behavior.
Everything happens subconsciously, without your control so you feel the tug of attraction even if you do not want to. Sexual and romantic feelings overwhelm so that your brain releases the phenethylamine chemical to trigger dopamine production and subsequent fireworks and ‘love at first sight’.
Pheromones Are Invisible
All this happens because pheromones are odorless air-borne chemical hormones naturally produced by the body to attract the other sex. Surveys have proven that 90% of the men who used it experienced an increased attractiveness to women. They experience better physical response from women like touching and excitement which usually culminates with sex.
These hormones exist in practically all living creatures to help attract the opposite sex and influence mating behavior. While these pheromones can’t be seen or smelt, they do trigger a person’s interest through hormonal and emotional signals.
A successful pheromone perfume can earn many millions of dollars for the company that makes it, and perfumes are given hefty marketing budgets because the financial stakes are so high. One survey revealed that 55 percent of women use fragrances five to seven times a week. If a perfume manufacturer can convince a woman to be eternally faithful to his product, the future indeed looks bright for his bottom line.
The pheromone perfume industry’s modus operandi is rooted in the fact that people remember and are affected deeply by smells. Scents have an unnerving capacity to stir recollections. It is as if the scent molecules themselves are embedded in our memories, so that when we think about the way a childhood backyard S; smelled-redolent of daffodils, raspberry bushes, lilac trees, and an old wooden rainwater barrel we are in effect calling each scent memory one by one as if reproducing it in a laboratory with a high degree of accuracy, much higher, say, than they cam; recall visual images after time has passed.
My name is Mark and I have been experimenting with pheromones since 2008.