Pheromones are detected by the vomeronasal organ. Inside the bony protection of the skull lies a remarkable example of evolutionary achievement. The human brain, approximately 85 percent water and weighing just three to four pounds, controls every function of the human body, from the tiniest cell division to the most complicated physical maneuver or intellectual thought.
What Are Pheromones?
First, it is important that you understand what a pheromone actually is. Pheromones are actually a chemical released by different species to elicit a response in others of their same species. Wow, that sounds super technical, doesn’t it? These chemical hormones can cause a variety of responses, depending on the type of pheromone released. Different pheromones result in different actions.
How do they work in humans?
People do not generally use pheromone spray to mark a trail or call others together for defense. Instead, pheromones for men and women are generally limited to social interaction up to and including finding that significant someone. It has been suggested that pheromones are what connects us to others in friendship and familial settings. Mothers and children bond in part due to pheromones and they may also be the reason we are drawn to some people and repulsed by others.
The chemical hormone most humans are interested in is the mating or sex pheromone. It is believed that men and women secrete these hormones through the skin and they are received by others through a specific gland in the nose.
Pheromones for men and women are also thought to be the reason women who are in close proximity to one another will find their menstrual cycles synchronized.
The social effect does not only pertain to the sexual relationship between a man and a woman – or in the case of homosexual relationships, between two gay or lesbian individuals. It also pertains to other equally important relationships in the personal and professional aspects such as in making new friends, meeting new clients and dealing with co-workers in the workplace. Learn about what are pheromones | Pheromones-4u.com.
Pheromone Studies in Humans
If you are like many people, you may find all of this information to be a bit fantastical or even outlandish. How could odorless excretions have any of these effects on human behavior? Scientists and researchers have asked these same questions about pheromones for men and women, leading to some scientific studies and not so scientific studies
ABC News Pheromone Study
The popular television news broadcast 20/20 also wanted to study the effects of pheromones for men and women, particularly how they function as an attractant. To do this they chose several sets of twins and sent them into a speed-dating scenario. One of each twin was sprayed with cologne containing pheromones, while the other was not. The twins did not know who had the pheromone and who did not to avoid a placebo effect.
At the end of the study, cards were compared and the twin with the pheromone had nearly twice as many people who would like to see them again, 9-5 for the females and 10-6 for the males. This does tend to indicate that pheromones have at least some effect on sexual attraction.
Florida State University Pheromone Study
In a study from Florida State University, researchers had women wear t-shorts for three nights in a row. The mean was then asked to sniff the shirts. Saliva samples were then taken by the men and tested for testosterone. What they discovered was that the testosterone went up in the males that smelled t-shirts worn by ovulating women. The testosterone stayed the same in men who smelled t-shorts with non-ovulating women.
In addition to smelling the shirts, the men were asked to rate the smells on pleasantness. The men that smelled the t-shirts of ovulating women found those shirts the most pleasant.
How Pheromones Affect Menstrual Cycyles
One study performed by the Sonoma State Hospital Brain Behavior Center looked into how pheromones for men and women could affect menstrual cycles, specifically pheromones released by women they considered pacesetters. Cotton pads were placed under the arms of these women for a 24-hour period; the pads were then used to transfer pheromones to the upper lip of five women three times weekly over five months. At the end of the study, four women were perfectly synchronized with the pace-setting woman.
Pheromones Go Beyond Attraction
The above study was commissioned by Dr. Winnifred Cutler, a pioneer in the study of pheromones and their impact on attraction. It was Cutler’s studies in the 1970′s that first showed the existence of pheromones within residual male sweat and it was also Cutler that later made some of the first clinical advancements in linking pheromones to ovulation and hormones in women.
Sexual attraction in response to pheromone production has been linked to many evolutionary processes. Whether it be the fact that at certain stages of ovulation the pheromones have an increased impact on arousal and sexual attractiveness, this leading to females attempting to mate with pheromone producing males at the proper times of ovulation.
Sexual Attraction and Pheromones
Sexual attraction as a result of pheromone production has also been theoretically linked to the connection between the production of pheromones in the sweat glands and the males that sweat the most, in some as species this is an indicator of that male being strongest, most active and healthiest of the males in the group. Therefore, the more sweat, the more pheromones, the more pheromones the more the females would find that male attractive and as a result want to mate with that male.
The speculations themselves can actually be numbered in the hundreds, but what is important to most individuals is that pheromones are effective and they can enhance a persons attractiveness. This attractiveness will be affected by the amount of attraction the individual had for that person in the first place and by the stage of ovulation that person is in when exposed to the pheromones.
In other words, pheromones will not make a person irresistibly attractive to everyone, but they will make a person more attractive to others than they were before the pheromones. The amount of increased attractiveness is also impacted by the ovulation cycle of the other person.
Using Pheromones In Social Encounters
Given these scientific findings, it is worthwhile to use pheromones when engaging in social situations. The pheromones themselves are odorless and if they can have an impact on a persons self-confidence and reception from others, then it is worth using. Everyone wants to feel attractive and to be found appealing to others, using pheromones will help.
This is not to say that a person can radically change the views others have of them by simply using pheromones, but it will enhance the attraction between those individuals. This impact will also carry over to new relationships that are formed during social events. Having an extra boost of attraction driven by pheromones is worthwhile, especially for those that need an extra boost of confidence and appeal to make their interactions memorable.
The key to using pheromones is to remember the results of the studies. The studies found that not everyone is impacted by the pheromones in the same way and those that are impacted will be impacted to different degrees depending upon the stage of ovulation they are at during the encounter. Therefore a person should not rely on pheromones to be a miracle drug but simply look to the pheromones as an enhancement to a situation.
Related: Pheromones and Scent Based Attraction